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The danger of this insight is that it might be read as an apology for Black misogyny. Within materialism, coders recorded high occurrence of materialism when characters were shown purchasing and consuming expensive clothing, jewelry, and cars, as well as living a lavish lifestyle continually throughout the video.
Of particular importance are those aspects of the music that frequently appear in the midst of political debates and media hype. Kubrin (2009) have identified five common misogynistic themes in rap lyrics: (a) derogatory naming and shaming of women, (b) sexual objectification of women, (c) legitimization of violence against women, (d) distrust of women, and (e) celebration of prostitution and pimping. Within misogyny, coders recorded high occurrence of misogyny when there were numerous beautiful and highly sexualized women dancing provocatively, often wearing revealing clothing and acting submissively to the men.
"Based on these three stereotypes, the videos present African American women as greedy, dishonest, sex objects, with no respect for themselves or others, including the children under their care.Conrad, Dixon and Zhang (2009) investigated rap music videos and noted that there has been a shift from violent portrayals to more sexual misogynistic ones.Women in rap videos are placed in positions of objectification and sexual submission to their male counterparts.In describing the predominance of images of women of color, specifically in the ever-present strip-club scenes in modern hip hop music videos, Hunter states that, "because these sexual transactions are also racial, part of their appeal to buying audiences is the reinforcement of dominant narratives about African American and Latina women, and the concomitant symbolic protection of white femininity by its absence in representations." However, some feel that, "the misogyny has always been there." Serena Kim, features editor for Vibe magazine states, "but it's different now because the culture is bigger and mainstream.Now every kid in America is well-versed in hip hop." Kate Burns argues, in the same vein, that the discourse of hip hop culture is shaped by its environment, stating that rather than asking, "what is rap's influence on American society and culture?